A fundamental operation of CV for driver support consists in the real-time detection and tracking of images of road and vehicle structures recorded by a video-camera. Since about the mid-nineties, this can be achieved by a standard workstation under carefully controlled conditions. In view of the extremely stringent safety requirements for routine use of such approaches on public roads, it is no surprise that more computing power than currently available in a car will be required in order to provide the necessary robustness. On the other hand, experts expect that CV will be introduced into selected regular road vehicle categories still within the next decade. Although a market for CV-based DSSs has not yet been established, precursors are likely to show up soon. Since a DSS will be a component of cars, buses, and trucks, the automobile industry together with its parts and components suppliers constitutes the primarily relevant industrial sector for this technology.